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His 1930s recordings took full advantage of the new RCA ribbon microphone, introduced in 1931, which imparted a characteristic warmth to vocals and immediately became an intrinsic part of the 'crooning' sound of artists like Bing Crosby. American prizefighter who held the heavyweight title for nearly 12 years (1937-1949), successfully defending it for a … His 1964 song "Bout Time" was later featured in the film Bewitched. Armstrong adapted to the tightly controlled style of Henderson, playing trumpet and experimenting with the trombone. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. His agent Johnny Collins's erratic behavior and his own spending ways left Armstrong short of cash. Breach of contract violations plagued him. Armstrong advanced rapidly: he played in marching and jazz bands, becoming skillful enough to replace Oliver in the important Kid Ory band about 1918, and in the early 1920s he played in Mississippi riverboat dance bands. Information and translations of satchmo in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … The Louis Armstrong House Museum website states: Judging from home recorded tapes now in our Museum Collections, Louis pronounced his own name as "Lewis".  He was heard on such radio programs as The Story of Swing (1937) and This Is Jazz (1947), and he also made television appearances, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, including appearances on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. , The US Open tennis tournament's former main stadium was named Louis Armstrong Stadium in honor of Armstrong who had lived a few blocks from the site. Define Louis Daniel Armstrong. Jazz trumpet player, singer. A new visitors center is planned.. ", Armstrong also played with Erskine Tate's Little Symphony, which played mostly at the Vendome Theatre. Bix Beiderbecke died and Fletcher Henderson's band broke up. As his music progressed and popularity grew, his singing also became very important. 1 position they had occupied for 14 consecutive weeks with three different songs. Armstrong recorded two albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis, and Ella and Louis Again for Verve Records, with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummers Buddy Rich (on the first album), and Louie Bellson (on the second). The albums feature many of Ellington's most famous compositions (as well as two exclusive cuts) with Duke sitting in on piano. Louis Armstrong was generally acclaimed by critics as the greatest jazz performer ever. 1914-1981. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was beloved by an American public that gave even the greatest African American performers little access beyond their public celebrity, and he was able to live a private life of access and privilege afforded to few other African Americans during that era. Armstrong definition, U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader. In Ireland the name was adopted as an Anglicization of two Gaelic names from Ulster: Mac Thréinfhir (meaning "son of the strong man") and Ó Labhraidh Tréan (meaning "strong O'Lavery"). Fame beckoned in 1922 when Oliver, then leading a band in Chicago, sent for Armstrong to play second cornet. Louis Daniel Armstrong talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1962/6/24, to demonstrate the preparation red beans and rice, Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, Queens College, City University of New York, "Louis Armstrong: 'The Man and His Music,' Part 1", "Langston Hughes Presents the History of Jazz in an Illustrated Children's Book (1995)", "Louis Armstrong And Band Get A Hot Reception", "Louis Daniel Armstrong talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1962/6/24", "Louis Armstrong's secret daughter revealed, 42 years after his death", "Louis Armstrong, Barring Soviet Tour, Denounces Eisenhower and Gov. The word "muggles" was a slang term for marijuana, something he used often during his life. Passive-aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) causes people to express negative feelings and emotions subtly or passively rather… Search . , On June 14, 1914, Armstrong was released into the custody of his father and his new stepmother, Gertrude. Louis and Lil Armstrong separated in 1931. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. He described marijuana as "a thousand times better than whiskey". Noun 1. Although he was no stranger to racial prejudice and rarely made public statements. He became one of the first jazz musicians to be featured on extended trumpet solos, injecting his own personality and style. , Armstrong was born in New Orleans to Mary Albert and William Armstrong. In other words, an individual with PAPD may enthusiastically agree to meet up for lunch only to “forget” about …  Armstrong once told Cab Calloway that his scat style was derived "from the Jews rockin", an Orthodox Jewish style of chanting during prayer.. , In the first half of 1927, Armstrong assembled his Hot Seven group, which added drummer Al "Baby" Dodds and tuba player, Pete Briggs, while preserving most of his original Hot Five lineup. He hired Joe Glaser as his new manager, a tough mob-connected wheeler-dealer, who began to straighten out his legal mess, his mob troubles, and his debts. At the end of it, he was hospitalized for a heart attack. Brothers’ introduction to the “Karnofsky Document” is short but does an excellent job of summarizing the various contradictions in Armstrong’s many versions of … satchmo definition: Proper noun 1. An album of the same title was quickly created around the song, and also shot to number one (knocking The Beatles off the top of the chart).  Around the age of fifteen, he pimped for a prostitute named Nootsy, but that relationship failed after she stabbed Armstrong in the shoulder and his mother nearly choked her to death. Altogether, his immensely compelling swing; his brilliant technique; his sophisticated, daring sense of harmony; his ever-mobile, expressive attack, timbre, and inflections; his gift for creating vital melodies; his dramatic, often complex sense of solo design; and his outsized musical energy and genius made these recordings major innovations in jazz. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. In the process, he dislodged the Beatles from the No. Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band was the apex of the early, contrapuntal New Orleans ensemble style, and it included outstanding musicians such as the brothers Johnny and Baby Dodds and pianist Lil Hardin, who married Armstrong in 1924. Armstrong was virtually the first to create significant variations based on the chord harmonies of the songs instead of merely on the melodies. She prodded him into wearing more stylish attire to offset his girth. As a result, he branched out, developing his vocal style and making his first theatrical appearances. , Oliver's band was among the most influential jazz bands in Chicago in the early 1920s. Norman Granz then had the vision for Ella and Louis to record Porgy and Bess. Armstrong described his time with Marable as "going to the University", since it gave him a wider experience working with written arrangements. , After a competition at the Savoy, he was crowned and nicknamed "King Menelik," after the Emperor of Ethiopia, for slaying "ofay jazz demons. During this period, Armstrong made many recordings and appeared in over thirty films. " In 1950, Bing Crosby, the most successful vocalist of the first half of the 20th century, said, "He is the beginning and the end of music in America.". Armstrong: swing. Armstrong's improvisations, while unconventionally sophisticated for that era, were also subtle and highly melodic. Armstrong Louis definition: Louis Known as “Satchmo.” 1901-1971American jazz musician. Selected discography. The Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Sessions were recorded between 1925 and 1928 by Louis Armstrong with his Hot Five and Hot Seven groups. They furnished music for silent movies and live shows, including jazz versions of classical music, such as "Madame Butterfly", which gave Armstrong experience with longer forms of music and with hosting before a large audience. He started singing in his performances. Known as "the Brown Bomber."  Life at the home was spartan. By then the New Orleans ensemble style, which allowed few solo opportunities, could no longer contain his explosive creativity. It was at the Sunset Café that Armstrong accompanied singer Adelaide Hall. , Prior to Armstrong, most collective ensemble playing in jazz, along with its occasional solos, simply varied the melodies of the songs. Armstrong's radical re-working of Sidney Arodin and Carmichael's "Lazy River" (recorded in 1931) encapsulated many features of his groundbreaking approach to melody and phrasing.  He wore the Star of David in honor of the Karnoffsky family, who took him in as a child and lent him money to buy his first cornet. ..."Uh-huh"..."Sure"..."Way down, way down." After returning to the United States, he undertook several exhausting tours. In 1995, the U.S. Post Office issued a Louis Armstrong 32 cents commemorative postage stamp. Selected discography. During his 1930s European tour, he suffered an ulceration so severe that he had to stop playing entirely for a year.  His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines (most famously their 1928 "Weather Bird" duet) and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to and solo in "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history. In 1964, Armstrong knocked The Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly! He found the courage to look for her home to see her away from work. Handy and Fats Waller. Louis Armstrong (1901-) the single greatest figure in early jazz and perhaps in all of jazz history. Passive-aggressive personality disorder: Definition, causes, treatment. His influence upon Crosby is particularly important with regard to the subsequent development of popular music: Crosby admired and copied Armstrong, as is evident on many of his early recordings, notably "Just One More Chance" (1931). During the 1940s, a widespread revival of interest in the traditional jazz of the 1920s made it possible for Armstrong to consider a return to the small-group musical style of his youth.  He was released from the hospital in May, and quickly resumed practicing his trumpet playing. Amazingly talented and charismatic jazz musician, most famous throughout the 40s and 50s.Also known as Satchmo.Best known for his song "What a Wonderful World", but his duets with Ella Fitzgerald leave "Wonderful World" in the dust. He was baptized a Catholic in the Sacred Heart of Jesus Church in New Orleans, and he met Pope Pius XII and Pope Paul VI. American engineer and inventor whose improvements to radio communication included the development of frequency modulation . satchmo definition: Proper noun 1. " He wore a Star of David pendant for the rest of his life and wrote about what he learned from them: "how to live—real life and determination. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9), Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Sessions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Armstrong&oldid=994265111, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven members, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Performing arts pages with videographic documentation, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Colored Waif's Home for Boys, Fisk School for Boys, Jimmie Rodgers (featuring Louis Armstrong), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:19. Sidebar Related. In 1931, Armstrong appeared in his first movie, Ex-Flame and was also convicted of marijuana possession but received a suspended sentence. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Armstrong, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame - Biography of Louis Armstrong, Turner Classic Movies - Biography of Louis Armstrong, BlackPast - Biography of Louis Daniel Armstrong, Louis Armstrong - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Louis Armstrong - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Credit... Charles Graham, via Louis Armstrong … Some sources spell Karnofsky with one "f". ", Armstrong was largely accepted into white society, both on stage and off, a rarity for a black person at the time. Armstrong, Louis A twentieth-century African-American jazz trumpet player and singer. This prompted the formation of Louis Armstrong’s All-Stars, a Dixieland band that at first included such other jazz greats as Hines and trombonist Jack Teagarden. In 1969, he had a cameo role in Gene Kelly's film version of Hello, Dolly! Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSY, ICAO: KMSY, FAA LID: MSY) is a Class B public use international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States.It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is located 10 nautical miles (19 km) west of its central business district. Long before this, however, Armstrong was playing around with his vocals, shortening and lengthening phrases, interjecting improvisations, using his voice as creatively as his trumpet. Armstrong started to work at Connie's Inn in Harlem, chief rival to the Cotton Club, a venue for elaborately staged floor shows, and a front for gangster Dutch Schultz. Celebrating the life and work of jazz legend Louis Armstrong.  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